Operating systems based on good Linux distros are very popular among developers. Thanks to the open-source code, each programmer can join numerous projects, fix found bugs, or implement their own ideas. But for beginners and regular users, the basic Linux distro will be great. Gradually, free software appears on the computers of ordinary users.
Progressives are trying new things, administrators are deploying a company’s IT infrastructure, home craftsmen are looking for a free Windows replacement, cautious users are a tool for safe web surfing. By the current year, hundreds of assemblies of the most popular Linux distributions for various purposes have already been created – from complex server systems to lightweight applications that support the Internet of Things. In this material, we have proposed our own classification of Linux distributions and selected the best of them. Let’s take a look at what is the best Linux OS for beginners?
Top Linux Distributions
The Ubuntu operating system is created and maintained by Canonical, which is the popular Linux distribution of all the existing ones. Over the past decade and a half, it has become a full-fledged replacement for commercial products. The name is translated from the Zulu language as “humanity”.
The system is user-friendly, recommended for beginners. Installing Ubuntu using the wizard is straightforward. The default shell is GNOME, the set includes a browser, email client, text editor, spreadsheet program, presentation program. From the built-in store to the easiest Linux distro to use, you can easily install additional applications to accomplish most of your custom tasks.
This operating system made it to the top Linux distro for beginners because it is the most popular one, according to distrowatch.com. MX Linux was designed to be a fast and highly customizable operating system with no hardware requirements. The first release of the best Linux distro for everyday use took place in 2014. The name is a combination of the words “MEPIS” and “antiX”. This was the name of the operating system components that programmers worked on before they were combined.
Installation is performed from a Live-CD, there are many configuration options, the process may seem difficult to inexperienced users. The Xfce manager is used as a shell. The system is well documented, and the community writes detailed manuals.
This most common Linux distro started out simply as a set of themes for Ubuntu. The capabilities of the already existing GNOME shell were still limited, so the developers decided to write their own OS. The main idea is visual beauty and clarity of the interface, ease of learning. For this indicator, the operating system is often compared to the macOS.
The first release took place in 2011. For the sake of the chosen style, the Pantheon shell was written, as well as key programs — file manager, mail, organizer, and others. The system is aimed at inexperienced users, but in the current state, it isn’t very stable.
One of the oldest operating systems on which many modern operating systems of the Unix family are built. Released in 1993, named after developer Ian Murdoch and his wife, Debra Lynn. Asking which Linux is best, many choose this particular because it supports many hardware platforms, tens of thousands of applications are hosted in the repositories.
Debian was designed to be a reliable system and only uses time-tested packages. Thanks to this, Debian is popular in the corporate environment, it is used not only for personal computers but also for servers. By default, the Xfce shell is installed, but you can install any other one as well.
An important advantage of open source systems is the ability to create a targeted distribution. It isn’t universal, but it does this function well. One of the prime examples is this best Linux distro for newbies. This is a special build based on Ubuntu designed to create a media center.
Instead of the usual desktop, the popular Kodi player (formerly XBMC) was launched. The operating system isn’t too demanding on hardware resources, contains all the necessary codecs, and also supports remote controls.
Another dedicated Linux-based tool is intended for cybersecurity personnel – white-hat hackers or PCI DSS assessors. Penetration test (pentest) is one of the conditions for certification according to the PCI DSS standard. The distribution kit was developed in 2013 and continues to improve.
The operating system can be run from a Live-CD or installed on a laptop. It isn’t demanding on resources, it even works on a Raspberry Pi, you can choose any shell. This OS isn’t for hobbyists, it comes with more than 600 utilities for scanning networks, analyzing traffic, searching for vulnerabilities, cracking passwords, etc.
For those who seek anonymity on the Internet, one of the advanced Linux distros has been developed. The name translates as “tails”, at the same time it is an abbreviation describing a system that remembers nothing, leaves no traces. The first version was released in 2009. The main idea is to launch using Live-CD or from flash drives, with no traces of launch on the computer.
The set includes all basic programs, including an office suite. Encryption programs and password managers are available to enhance security. The Internet exit is carried out using the TOR browser, which complicates the detection of the user and his actions. The system works in Live mode, saving its settings in a hidden encrypted section.
Work on a fast version of Linux that requires little computing resources has been underway since 2010. The main goals of the development team are a stable and secure OS, as well as a small amount of space it occupies. To achieve this, verified packages are used and potentially dangerous services are disabled.
Alpine Linux can be installed on low-power hardware and is widely used as a Docker container. This manager allows you to create and link separate computational entities – containers. Each such container performs one task (web server, database) and takes only 4-5 MB.
In order to make it easier for novice users to familiarize themselves with the world of Linux, the developer Clement Lefebvre proposed to make a simple, but beautiful and powerful OS. The first release of Linux Mint took place in 2006.
The OS is based on Ubuntu but offers more options. Installation is simplified as much as possible, the delivery already includes the necessary plugins and codecs, the system independently determines the hardware configuration and installs the necessary drivers. One of the most popular and beautiful skins, Cinnamon, is reminiscent of Windows.
We think that now you will have plenty to choose from for the best Linux distribution. Almost everyone will be able to deal with, not only programmers or ordinary users but also those who use the operating system for the first time. We recommend choosing your favorite Linux distro based on your computer knowledge and capabilities. Which Linux distro to use in your opinion?
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